Both the French and Russian revolutions occurred because of two main reasons. Both of these revolutions were the direct results of bad leadership and a bad economy. These two reasons along with other factors caused both of these revolutions. Although they were both similar, they also had differences. A difference between the two is that the Russians had an unsuccessful ‘pre-revolution’ in 1905.
Another difference between these two revolutions is the fact that the French turned towards a democracy while the Russian government became communist. In 1905, Russia had a pre revolution that was put down of the Czar. Instead of learning from this pre revolution, Czar Nicholas II, made avery big mistake by in not introducing some reforms to correct the problems. So because of his actions, the situation grew worse. In 1917, the Russians were fighting in World War I.
A good majority of the Russian people were weary and un content with the way the war was going and with the Czar’s rule. This un content along with economic hardships caused riots and demonstrations to break out. The Czar called for the army to put down the revolution as they did in 1905. But the army joined the revolt and the Czar was kicked out of power soon afterwards. A temporary government was set up to decide on what kind of government Russia was gonna set up.
Two political parties were set up. The Bolsheviks were one of the two. The leader of the Bolshevik party was a man named Lenin. Lenin was a firm believer of the theories and ideas of Karl Marx. So with his slogan of ‘Bread, Peace and Land’, Lenin gained the support of the peasants and gained control of Russia and setup a communist state. The French revolution was also caused by a bad ruler and a bad economy.
During the early 1780’s a big percent of annual budget went towards king Louis XVI’s lavish estate at Versailles. France also had no central bank, no paper currency, no ways of getting more money, and an out-dated tax system which only taxed the poor who had no money to begin with. Signs of revolution first appeared when the peasants stormed the fortress known as the Bastille looking for gun powder. The Bastille incident set off revolts all over France and Louis was soon deposed afterwards. A democratic government was setup in place of the old monarch. A doctrine called the Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizen served as a basis for the revolutionary french leaders.
The French set up a government in which an elected legislative group met annually. It also consisted of an elected judiciary and an executive headed by the king (The king had no real power and only served as a figure head). Both the French and Russian revolutions had similar causes but ended up with different results. Both of these countries had different internal factors which cause the results. The Russians had Lenin and the French had the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. I would also like to point out 1 more similarity between these two revolutions and that is the fact that both Czar Nicholas II and King Louis XVI were executed soon after the revolutionaries took power .
It’s just strange to see how two similar countries with so many similar reasons for revolting would end up with so very different governments.